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tv   BBC World News  PBS  April 15, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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>> this is "bbc world news america." colonel gaddafi's forces take brutal aim at the libyan city where a hospital reveals a tale of misery. >> people are left totally helpless and no one is helping. no one is coming. >> living with a tsunami. more than a month after japan's devastating blow, survivors are still dealing with incredible loss. and 50 years after the bay of pigs invasion, we return to the cuban beach where fidel castro scored a major victory. welcome to our viewers in
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america and around the globe. colonel gaddafi has launched a fresh assault on the rebel city of ms. trott had just hours after -- misrata just hours after it was reported that the population is being strangled into submission. hundreds of people have been killed, most of them civilians, including children. our reporter made it into the city by boat. this report contains distressing images. >> cries of agony. a little girl of six who loves to play. she was shelled in her own home. her tiny body fractured by 30 pieces of shrapnel. this is the reality. >> someone has to help.
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>> you feel you have been let down by the international community. >> yes, definitely. people here are totally helpless, and no one is helping. >> another power cut. even with the lights on, they are running short of drugs and beds. >> we get here in the morning. >> this 17-year-old is one more innocent victim, doctors say. they insist 80% of the dead and wounded are civilians, utmost targeted with heavy weapons. this surge in rushed here to help, taking leave from his job in britain. he is haunted by two sisters he could not save, the youngest a toddler. >> one minute i was happy
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because i thought i had saved her life. we tried for more than seven days. sadly, she left me alone. >> this fighter has just come in. he was shot trying to bomb a sniper's nest. i am ready to go back to the front now, he says. i will fight until we get rid of gaddafi. but the libyan leader is hanging on and strangling the city. downtown, we found a deserted streets. this is a city that is desperate for more air strikes and more outside help, a city where children are learning to dodge the bullet. >> we are on the corner of benghazi street. you can see how much of a
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battle area this has become. here you can see the heavy shelling and the damage that was done to the building. as we have been here in the last few moments, the sounds of fighting have been getting louder and closer. rebels say they have sustained heavy losses in this area. fighters are becoming experts in the enemy's weapons. >> we call this a dog because it looks like a dog. now we will listen to the bombing. >> survival can be a matter of chance. the children in this family went out just five minutes before their house was hit. neighbors say no one is safe. >> they killed our mother,
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killed our children, killed everyone. what means gaddafi? i ask him, what this means. >> back at the hospital, she is comfortable. doctors expect to make a full recovery. nato says protecting civilians is its number one priority, but that is not how it looks. >> on the diplomatic front, foreign ministers gathered again in berlin today. there was a call from britain and france for more countries to carry out the nato campaign. president obama says he does not anticipate the u.s. stepping up its military commitment. >> we now have a stalemate on the ground militarily, but gaddafi is still getting squeezed in all kinds of other ways.
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he is running out of money. he is running out of supplies. did the news is tightening -- then use -- the noose is tightening. my expectation is that if we continue to apply that pressure, over the long term, gaddafi will go. >> while president obama and other leaders expressed optimism over gaddafi's departure, what is the view in the stronghold of tripoli? you heard president obama say that the noose is tightening. is that how it seems from your point of view? >> a letter was published this morning in major newspapers by the leaders of britain, france, and president obama of the u.s. it was the declaration of regime
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change here. they do not like using the phrase because it is toxic because of iraq in 2003. there is no question that regime changes what they want. the question is how they do it, given that the un resolution they have is about protecting civilians. it is not a question of it being a long job, as president obama said, but a question of keeping the pressure on, essentially, staring gaddafi in the face and saying we are not going to blink first. >> there are also very tough sanctions in place on libya at the moment. do you think it is possible that in the and what might get rid of gaddafi is not the military operation, but other means? >> sanctions are very tough against libya, but if you look back in history, tough sanctions
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on countries over the years, you cannot really point to any case where sanctions on their own have brought down a leader that was under sanctions and despised by the rest of the world. you could point to africa, but it has been an awfully long time. the libyans have plenty of money. they say they have foreign currency, gold, precious metals, treasury bills, and they will be able to keep going. they also have borders with countries that may well be sympathetic. colonel gaddafi was under sanctions for a long time in the 1990's, and they got through that as well. >> we will keep watching the nato operation. thank you so much for joining us. the president of yemen has urged the opposition, who are campaigning for his immediate
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removal, to engage in dialogue. he called a rally of thousands of his supporters. the talks were a way to ensure stability. he has already rejected an offer to attend talks in saudi arabia. tens of thousands of people protested after friday prayers in cities across syria. the demonstrations are reported to be the biggest since the protests began a month ago. there are reports of live ammunition having been used. in jordan, protesters took to the streets of the capital, calling for political and economic reform. left leaning islamists carried signs calling for the dissolution of the parliament and to the creation of a national unity government. they were decrying corrupt politicians. in bahrain, the soon the government has backed away from
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the designated leader of the opposition. how should the u.s. response to a hot spot that has -- that is a particular strategic interest? our reporter has covered the middle east extensively. thank you for being here. it seems like things are getting very tough in bahrain. >> there was one small concession, but broadly speaking, it appears that the monarchy of bahrain is continuing a broad crackdown of the mainly shi'ite movement since the protests began. they are helped by troops from saudi arabia and the united arab emirates, the same united arab emirates that is sending planes to help the u.s. and nato protect civilians from colonel gaddafi.
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so far, the response has been limited to appeals and muted criticism. it is a far different response than with libya. that has led to some accusations of double standards on the part of the administration. >> part of the concern in washington, and we are hearing it voiced this week, is that a radians are backing of the protesters in bahrain -- arab ians are backing the protesters -- irani and are backing the protesters in bahrain. >> to the rulers of bahrain, a minority suny monarchy, they are concerned about their relationship with the saudis.
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americans are also concerned about their relationship with the saudis right now because they have a shiite minority that has been inspired by the protesters in bahrain. when it comes to the issue about i ran, certain -- about iran, the obama administration has said it does not really believe that the bahraini opposition is being sponsored by iran. they believe it is a homegrown protest. the obama administration has talked about universal values. that appears to be what the protesters are fighting for. >> just hours from now the people of nigeria will go to the polls to cast their ballots in a crucial presidential election. after the death last year of the
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country's president, someone automatically took over. but now that democracy must decide whether he deserves another four-year term or not. we sent a reporter to find out what is driving this election. >> this election is the biggest in africa. 75 million people have registered to vote. but what i want to find out is, what is driving the vote? what are the key issues for ordinary people? what is on their minds? >> we want somebody to change as. >> do you really believe that after the election that will happen? >> i believe in god. >> but do you believe in the politicians? >> i trust some of them, not all of them.
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they do not believe in the children. they do not believe in anybody. they believe in their own pockets. >> do you trust politicians? >> i do not. >> why not? >> why not? >> i do not actually think there is a candidate out there fighting for us. >> this man has a name that still evokes a lot of emotion, even anger. he is the head of the late -- he is the son of the late head of state. >> every aspect of that is perception. it is very easy for anyone to go out and say this happened, that happened, that happened. when you ask the correct people who are on the ground, who know what happened, they will tell you a lot of what happened
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during that time was a lot of noise which was detrimental to our country and our people. the reality is, that time was a very important time. >> as all generations of nigerians vote for a new president on saturday, among them will be many who are praying that this is the beginning of real change for the giant of africa. >> in other news from around the world, two former croatian generals have been jailed for war crimes against serb civilians in the 1990's. mladen markac has been sentenced to 18 years in prison. ante gotovina has been sentenced to 26 years. the body has been found of an
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italian pro-palestinian activists. vittorio arrigoni was hanged in a house in gaza city. two members of an extremist group have been arrested. one month after the catastrophic earthquake and tsunami in japan, there is little sign of life moving on. the death toll is expected to reach 28,000. 150,000 people are still struggling to cope with their loss. we went to one of the worst hit towns on japan's eastern coast to file this report. >> one month on, japan is wracked by grief. also, among many survivors, gilts too. this is a swimming teacher. her anguish is that she was not with her team of school children when the tsunami struck. this was their designated
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tsunami shelter. she is looking for the store room where, incredibly, two girls managed to survive. this is the place. the wave swept them in here. it was pure chance, who lived and who died. just 6 inches below the ceiling, the water stopped rising. in this tiny space, the girls got to keep their heads above water. one had been clasping another friend's hand, but the water drag her away. >> they could not help. >> stuck here. out of the swimming team, six
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are dead. another is still missing. 16-year-old -- this 16-year-old and now has frequent nightmares. she is the one who tried to keep hold of her friend's hand but could not. >> on the third floor, the wave came over us. i still had my friend's hand, but we got separated. >> for the children who survived the tsunami, keeping busy in evacuation centers is a priority. it is a way of warding off the memories of that day. >> i was under water. in that small space, i could breathe. i heard my other teammate say, are you there? find the door. we helped each other and waited until the water went away.
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>> the place she was sheltered is in the middle of this satellite photo. the waves destroyed everything. most of the high school's other students escaped up the hill. the japanese red cross says that up to 10% of all survivors may now suffer post-traumatic stress disorder. >> i cannot sleep. i imagine many things, how cold the water, maybe they tried to swim and go up. i imagine all of that, you know, but i could not help them. >> that is the dark legacy that may weigh longest on japan, the trauma of the tsunami. it smashed so much here. the broken buildings have been cleared, but many broken lives
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may never be repaired. >> tough times in japan. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, getting ready for royal assignment. just two weeks until wedding day. one regiment is rehearsing their every move. today marks half a century since america launched an attack on cuba's bay of pigs. the failed invasion still defines the troubled relationship. cuban exiles were sent to overthrow fidel castro and his left-leaning revelation. it proved a humiliating defeat for america. >> the bay of pigs is on cuba's southern coast. the tranquil beaches hide a bloody past. 50 years ago, a small army of
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c.i.a.-trained and financed cuban exiles landed on this beach intent on overthrowing fidel castro and his revolution. it proved a humiliating defeat. >> cuban revolutionary troops such as these have invaded castro's leftist island forces. he is hardly short on words as he attacked what he calls united states imperialism. >> the plan was to come ashore undetected at night, but they lost the element of surprise. a small militia were waiting for them in the trenches along the shore. >> i was living near here. i went outside. i saw what looked like a candle in the sky. i came to the beach with my father. when we arrived, they were handing out bands. -- outguns.
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>> we said, this is the invasion, boys. be careful, they are starting to invade. we had a 11 rifles. when they arrived in the boats, we opened fire. >> reinforcements quickly arrived. fidel castro took personal charge of the operation, and within three days the battle was over. >> the bay of pigs was a perfect failure for the united states. it was supposed to be a covert operation, but the whole world saw the united states was behind it. it was supposed to read the hemisphere of a potential soviet base, but instead it pushed fidel castro into the waiting arms of the soviet union. >> a year later, the cuban missile crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. >> within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile
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sites is now in preparation on that island. >> in the end, it was ill health which finally brought fidel castro to step down. this weekend, his brother, president raúl castro will host a long-delayed initiation of congress. economic reforms are on the agenda, but political change looks no closer now than it did following cuba's victory in the bay of pigs. >> it has been months in the planning, but now there are just two weeks to go until britain's royal wedding, and no details are being overlooked. a regiment of nearly 150 soldiers and horses will attend. we report that royal occasions are far from their normal duty. >> the contrast could not be
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greater. the cavalry prepares themselves and their horses for the big day, rehearsing in hyde park. their colleagues in afghanistan wish them well. over here, there is close scrutiny for how the 150 soldiers look as they accompany the newlyweds from the abbey to the palace. the cavalry is also known as silver stake. >> is a huge pride for the soldiers. you will see lots of them wearing medals from operational campaigns. ♪ >> also present, the band of the
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lifeguards, complete with famous drum horses. many soldiers here served alongside prince william. >> it is excitement over and above what you normally get. >> the final inspection will come on april 21st to ensure that all goes smoothly. civilians will be watching their every move. >> remember, you can get complete coverage of the royal wedding on our website. we have all of the details, including an interactive map showing the rate that william and kate will travel. and when you are on line, you can get in touch with me and most of the bbc news team. that is it for tonight's broadcast. from all of us here, thank you for watching. have a great weekend. >> hello and welcome.
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